Bangladesh and man-made weather



This site is dedicated to my friends in Dhaka, Bangladesh 

    Sky over Jan Tetstone's  head Taken November 1, 2021 The geo-engineering in my sky turned into a dirty gray sky cover with no visible sun  for the rest of the day.. jt

I have been a sky watcher since February 2015. Remember this: geo-engineering [weather modification, sun dimming,  cloud seeding, etc] done anywhere in any part of the sky [in any part of the world] affects the weather worldwide. The few  'pulling strings of the greedy' are getting desperate....that's why those pushing weather modification are moving at a faster pace. Believe me when I say  "there are worse things than being hungry, thirsty, or homeless. Ignorance, in this case, is not bliss. When the air is no longer breatheable....Then what? It will be to late. to stop what we so blindly allwed to happen. " -JT



Bangladesh will face two enormous challenges in the coming decades: food security and climate change. The remarkable growth in agricultural productivity achieved over the last 30 years through intensification and diversification of crop production is not likely to continue. Already, 45% of the 160 million people in the country are estimated to be consuming less than their daily calorie requirements; 53% are also estimated to be living below the poverty line. With a population density the highest in the world for an economy occupying a large land area, Bangladeshi farm sizes are, on average, smaller than 0.1 hectares, and even triple-cropping of land under irrigation does not result in adequate incomes. Efforts to manage irrigation more efficiently, to protect and use wetlands for fisheries, and to exploit mangrove areas for intensive shrimp-production have helped to increase resource productivity, but the sustainability of these efforts, especially in light of projected impacts of climate change, is in question.

Despite legislative land reforms initiated since independence in 1971, land distribution in Bangladesh is highly inequitable. Fifty-two percent of the rural population, which accounts for almost 75% of the country?s population, is landless or holds less than .5 acres of land. Agricultural productivity has been increased over the past three decades by substantial intensification of production, both through the use of new technologies and by greater intensity of land use. Nevertheless, the amount of land available for cultivation by each household is declining and the number of landless households is rising. The population of urban areas is also expanding, with the poorest households squatting on public land or living in informal settlements with no security against eviction. Dhaka is among the ten most populous cities in the world, and the percentage of Bangladesh?s urban population living in slum conditions is the second-highest in South Asia.

Given Bangladesh?s location in the floodplains of three great rivers, the country is prone to flooding. Climate change analysts now predict that the extent and levels of flooding are expected to increase in the future, greatly affecting agricultural productivity. The country?s water resources are polluted by agricultural, industrial and domestic waste, and its groundwater is contaminated with arsenic. With the exception of a few natural springs, Bangladesh has no potable surface water.

Forestland accounts for less than 7% of total land area in Bangladesh. Deforestation, resulting from illegal logging, resettlement of people, natural disasters, extraction of resources, and encroachment for agriculture, is a constant threat. People also rely on forest resources for fuel, construction materials, fodder and food. Forestland per capita in Bangladesh is among the lowest in the world.

 12 Politicians of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is globally one of the important democratic nations. Politicians from different parties have led its people towards prosperity through democracy. This article talks about current top 12 politicians of Bangladesh.

1. Sheikh Hasina

Sheikh Hasina (64) is the current prime minister of Bangladesh. She is the leader of Bangladesh Awami League, holding a position of leader of opposition before she became the prime minister. She is the daughter of Bangladesh’s founding father and a well-respected politician, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

This is the third time Sheikh Hasina is leading this country, serving towards its ideology of nationalism, secularism and social democracy.

Educated in Dhaka University and Boston University, Sheikh Hasina has modern thoughts, yet keeping the tradition alive. She is also an important contributing member of “council of women world leaders”.

2. Khaleda Zia

Khaleda Zia (67) is the leader of BNP (Bangladesh Nationalist Party), an important political organization in Bangladesh. Currently she is heading the opposition group.

Earlier she served as the prime minister of Bangladesh from 1991 to 1996, becoming the first women to become a prime minister. Later on, she was re-elected as a prime minister and served Bangladeshi people from 2001 to 2006.

Khaleda Zia is the wife of a well respected Bangladeshi leader and ex-President, Ziaur Rahman. She fought against the military rule in Bangladesh and was instrumental in bringing back democracy. She is considered as one of the most powerful women leaders in the world.

3. Hussain Muhammad Ershad

Hussain Muhammad Ershad (84) is an important military administrator, political leader of Bangladesh. He served as the president of Bangladesh in the major part of 1980s, until the democracy was restored.

Originally an efficient military man, Hussain Muhammad Ershad took over the power in a military coup in 1982. During his rule, number of important changes happened in the country including infrastructural development, economic growth. However, as people wanted a democratic power, his rule ended.

He, later, became the chief of Jatiya Party, a large democratic political party in Bangladesh today.

4. Tarique Rahman

Tarique Rahman (46) is the senior vice chairman of BNP (Bangladesh Nationalist Party), son of its leader Khaleda Zia. He got the legacy of politics from his father Ziaur Rahman, an important political leader in Bangladesh and wanted to serve people.

Originally an industrialist, he started working with nationalist missions and started contributing for social missions. He is seen as a leader of young Bangladeshis.

5. Abul Maal Abdul Muhith

Abul Maal Abdul Muhith (80) is an important economist in the world, currently serving as finance minister of Bangladesh.

Abul Maal Abdul Muhit studied in Bangladesh’s major educational institute “Dhaka University”, and joined the government service. Later, he did his masters at Harvard University, returning to serve the nation in various positions, leading its economic growth.

6. Amir Hossain Amu

Amir Hossain Amu (74) is a senior politician in Bangladesh. He belongs to the Bangladesh Awami League party as one of party’s top leaders.

Amir Hossain Amu completed his degree from Dhaka University, before joining politics as a member of Awami League Party. He held number of positions before becoming a minister. His unique thought process and people oriented schemes have got the praise of people.

7. Tofail Ahmed

Tofail Ahmed (71), a senior leader in Awami League and its commerce minister, is an influential leader in Bangladesh. He was a part of the Bangladesh freedom movement and ensured the land is ruled by its people.

Mr. Ahmed worked in number of positions serving people, inspiring hundreds of thousands of young people to join politics.

He is currently serving as a minister of Bangladesh Government’s Ministry of Industry, Housing and Public Affairs.

8. Begum Matia Chowdhury

Begum Matia Chowdhury (71) is known as “Ogni Konna”, meaning girl of fire. She got this name because of her strong attitude which has made her a very powerful leader.

Begum Matia Chowdhury is a powerful political figure in Bangladesh. She has remained a member of country’s influential political party Awami League.

She is currently serving as the Minister of the Ministry of Agriculture of Bangladesh government.

9. Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir

Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir (65) is the son of a famous lawyer, politician and he followed in his father’s foot steps, rising to the position of Agriculture, Civil Aviation, Tourism minister.

He is currently serving as the secretary general of BNP (Bangladesh Nationalist Party).

10. Fakhruddin Ahmed

Fakhruddin Ahmed (73) is well known for his services as the governor of Bangladesh Bank. He, later, served as the interim prime minister of Bangladesh from 2007 to 2009.

During his period, this nation saw number of improvements in economy and growth.

11. Abdul Hamid

Abdul Hamid (70) is the current president of Bangladesh. He started his political career as a student and became a popular leader.

Mr. Hamid went to parliament seven times as a representative of people, later serving as its speaker as well.

12. A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury

A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury, a politician, medical professional and ex-president of Bangladesh is one of the influential leaders of Bangladesh. He was inspired by another great leader Ziaur Rahman and joined politics, serving number of positions before he was made the president in 2001.

A. Q. M. Badruddoza Chowdhury is known and respected for creating the third party in the nation when Bangladesh was ruled by only two parties. His unique thought process made a good impact on Bangladesh’s political scene. 

We have been doing business in Bangladesh since the birth of the country in 1971. The representative office was formally set up in Dhaka in 2010 to offer clients access to the firm’s extensive suite of global treasury solutions, including cash management, trade and liquidity products and services.

We have operated in Asia Pacific since 1872, and today are present across 17 markets in the region. Clients rely on our global strength, local expertise and leadership across our lines of business.

In Asia Pacific, we are committed to helping promote economic growth and economic inclusion through our key philanthropic initiatives in the areas of workforce readiness, small business development and financial capability. Our investments aim to increase the number of quality jobs created for the underserved individuals and communities, helping small businesses become more sustainable, as well as assisting marginalized people in gaining access to affordable financial products so that they can become more financially secure. This shared commitment to the community drives our Foundation’s giving and employee engagement and volunteering activities across the region.

J.P. Morgan is a global leader in financial services, offering solutions to the world's most important corporations, governments and institutions in more than 100 countries. As announced in early 2018, JPMorgan Chase will deploy $1.75 billion in philanthropic capital around the world by 2023. We also lead volunteer service activities for employees in local communities by utilizing our many resources, including those that stem from access to capital, economies of scale, global reach and expertise.     

Experts: Geoengineering, quality research can help mitigate climate change
Afrose Jahan Chaity

Published at 07:50 pm January 11th, 2018
Last updated at 08:34 pm January 22nd, 2018

Speakers have opined that quality research can play a significant role in reducing the impacts of climate change, and that research and discussion of ?geoengineering? is also necessary.
They were addressing the concluding session of the fourth annual Gobeshona conference in Dhaka on Thursday, with Dr Atiq Rahman, executive director of the Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies, in the chair.
Addressing the session, Andy Parker, project director of SRM Governance Initiative, said solar radiation management (SRM) through geo-engineering should not be considered a solution to climate change; rather, it should be seen as a potential complementary strategy to mitigation and adaptation.
Geoengineering is the deliberate large-scale intervention in the Earth?s natural systems to counteract climate change.
?SRM geoengineering could be very helpful or very harmful, but no one yet knows which. Developing countries should be more centrally involved in research and discussions, as they are more vulnerable to the effects of climate change,? he said.
Parker also explained how the SRM approach would block out some solar energy in order to lower temperatures and reduce some of the risks associated with global warming.
?Modelling studies of SRM indicate that moderate use could lower global temperatures and reduce disruption to precipitation levels expected from climate change. Research has also indicated that it has the potential to slow sea level rise, although it can?t stop it altogether,? he said, adding that it has also some possible side effects such as disruption of the ozone layer, acid rain and health effects.
If a large amount of SRM cooling were ever stopped suddenly, models indicate there would be a sudden and potentially dangerous rise in temperatures, as SRM only masks the warming from greenhouses, gases, and does not remove them from the atmosphere, he said.
Parker said that a much wider global discussion is needed, especially in developing countries, about SRM research and how it is governed.
Franceso Obino, head of programmes at Global Development Network in India, highlighted the need for engaging social scientists in research and policymaking process so that they can bring new insights to addressing the climate change issues.
The speakers also put emphasis on capacity building of research institutions to help them conduct quality research so that developing and underdeveloped countries can benefit from them.
Pointing out the challenges facing research institutions in least developed countries, Arianna Flores Corral, a fellow at the organization, stressed that adequate research funding and quality research work by social scientists can help the LDCs and developing cttheountries combat climate change effects and bridge the policy gap.

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The first COP meeting was held Berlin, Germany in 1995

COP26 stand for the United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties, and this is the 26th iteration.. The first COP meeting was held Berlin, Germany in 1995.

The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26, is the 26th United Nations Climate Change conference. It is scheduled to be held in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, between 31 October and 12 November 2021, under the co-presidency of the United Kingdom and Italy.

The UN Climate Change Conference COP 26 in Glasgow, United Kingdom is a crucial opportunity to achieve pivotal, transformational change in global climate policy and action. It is a credibility test for global efforts to address climate change and it is where Parties must make considerable progress to reach consensus on issues they have been discussing for several years. COP 26 comes against the background of widespread, rapid and intensifying climate change impacts, which are already impacting every region on Earth. Also, COP 26 comes against the background of the COVID-19 pandemic, with the urgent need to build back better for present future generations to ensure a safe future.

The meeting comprises the twenty-sixth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 26), the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 16), and the third session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 3). It will be held at the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) in Glasgow, United Kingdom, from 31 October to 12 November 2021.

COP 26 will be presided over by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) secretariat is working with the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to make the conference as safe and as inclusive as possible.

 Scientists in developing nations plan to step up research into dimming sunshine to curb climate change, hoping to judge if a man-made chemical sunshade would be less risky than a harmful rise in global temperatures. ...A U.N. panel of climate experts, in a leaked draft of a report about global warming due for publication in October, is
skeptical about solar geo-engineering, saying it may be ?economically, socially and institutionally infeasible.?

Among risks:  it might disrupt weather patterns, could be hard to stop once started, and  might discourage countries from making a promised switch from fossil fuels to cleaner energies.

Source: Developing nations to study ways to dim sunshine, slow warming By Alister Doyle